This beast is a Russian Mosin-Nagant M44 Carbine, made in 1947. It chambers the Soviet 7.62x54R cartridge, which is roughly comparable to the .30-06 in power and is the oldest military round still in service today. This rifle was rather inexpensive, but it's one of my most accurate guns. Those Communists sure knew how to make a good bolt action, and cheap, too! Best of all, they never threw anything away, so when the Soviet Union collapsed, they released a stockpile of beatiful firearms that will keep collectors like me entertained for years to come. You may also want to check out the Model 1891, the Model 91/30, the Model 38, and the Model 91/59 if you're interested in collecting. At the current prices of these guns, they serve as a wonderful entry point for someone just getting started on a gun collection. If you don't have one of these great guns yet, by all means buy one the next time you see one. For more information on these fine guns, I suggest you visit MosinNagant.net.